A physical therapist who works with patients with hand and upper body injuries, can use some of the following tips to help rehabilitate their clients’ hands. Hand physical therapy can also use these techniques to help treat problems involving the hands that often involve the use of the hands while working in other areas. They can offer instruction on doing exercises and stretches that will improve grip strength as well as fine muscle coordination and balance.
One of the first steps of hand physical therapy is getting the patient into a chair. This helps to allow the therapist to perform exercises while standing over the patient. The first step is to start the exercises by having the patient lie down flat on his or her back with his or her legs crossed over one another, with his or her hands placed behind his or her head. One of the first exercises is known as the supine plank, which involves the person holding his or her hands over his or her head and placing one foot over the other, and the other leg over the first.
Another step of hand physical therapy is for the client to have his or her legs placed back on the floor so he or she can stand with his or her hands behind his or her head. He or she should then use the stretch reflex and stretch muscles in order to keep his or her balance while doing a series of hand exercises. Another exercise used in hand physical therapy is called the lateral raise, which involves using the upper part of one’s fingers to extend upward as far as possible.
The hand physical therapy may also work with a stretching table in order to work on specific muscle groups. The therapist will first take measurements of each of the client’s hands and use those measurements to make sure that the stretching table is not too tight. The table can be adjusted to make sure that the hand stretches are firm but not too tight. A stretching table may also be used if the client is experiencing an injury or problem that does not respond well to other kinds of treatments.
Another of the steps in hand physical therapy is for the client to start holding the different exercises while lying on his or her stomach. Holding the exercises while sitting down makes it easier to do the exercises. These exercises, in combination with the stretching table, can be done slowly and in small stretches. to get the most benefit from the stretching table.
The next step in hand physical therapy is usually more strenuous and involves the use of a full-body workout routine. For example, the therapist may start by doing some of the exercises by laying one arm across the chest of the client and using it to support the client’s upper body. Then the therapist will continue this same exercise with the other arm. The client can repeat this exercise with the other hand for the other arm and then move on to the other hand and legs, until the entire client is holding each hand over his or her head and performing the same stretching exercises.